Car Crashes Are Major Cause of Traumatic Brain Injury
Some people who are in a New York car crash wind up with a Traumatic Brain Injury – or TBI.
Typically, TBI is caused when the head strikes the dashboard or windshield. But it can also happen when the head is jerked violently back and forth on impact, causing a jarring of the brain inside the skull.
Each year, an average of 1.7 million people nationwide sustain a TBI. This can disrupt not only the life of the victims but also their families.
An accident potentially causing a TBI happened on June 12 on Ocean Parkway at West Gilgo Beach. A driver lost control of a 2006 Chrysler Sebring and struck a sand embankment on the shoulder of the road, according to a New York State Police report. A passenger in the back seat was thrown from the car and suffered a head injury. He was taken to the hospital, although it is unclear if he sustained brain damage.
Motor vehicle collisions are the second-leading cause of TBIs, according to the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, accounting for 17 percent of brain injuries nationwide. Only falls – which account for 35 percent – cause more brain injuries.
Four Types of TBI Injuries
A non-fatal but severe TBI may result in an extended period of unconsciousness, coma or amnesia, says the CDC.
TBI may lead to short-term or long-term health issues affecting:
- Cognitive function (attention and memory)
- Motor function (extremity weakness, impaired coordination and balance)
- Sensation (hearing, vision, impaired perception and touch)
- Emotion (depression, anxiety, aggression, impulse control, personality changes)
- New York State Police https://www.nyspnews.com/article_display.cfm?article_id=31191
- U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention http://www.cdc.gov/TraumaticBrainInjury/severe.html